examines an individual’s view

examines an individual’s view of what is right and wrong.
Macro-ethics
Ethical theory
Micro-ethics
Consequential ethics
Moral values
The critical study of major moral precepts, such as what things are right and what things are good, is referred to as _
morality
general normative ethics
distributive justice
morality
virtues
The theory of ethics emphasizes that the morally right action is whatever action leads to the maximum balance of good over evil.
non-consequential
rei igious
secular
consequential
normative
4. The theory of ethics that focuses on one’s duties to others.
Discernment
Normative
Teleological
Consequential
Deontological
The were a turning point where essential commands such as “thou shalt not kill” or
“commit adultery” were accepted as law.
normative eth ics
Ten Commandments
virtuous morals
Code of Hammurabi)
None of the above.
6. One who has control over his/her own actions is _
virtuous
ethical
compassionate
autonomous
hopeful
7. describes the principle of doing good, demonstrating kindness, showing compassion and helping others.
Beneficence
Nonmaleficence
Justice
Compassion
Virtue
8. An ethical principle that requires caregivers to avoid causing patients harm.
beneficence
justice
Nonmaleficence
Medical paternalism
Consequential
9. Justice that implies that all are treated fairly.
Moral
Disproportional
Conditional
Distributive
Common
10. Abortion issues _
may involve breaking some ethical norm or value system
involves a mother’s rights
inolves the rights of a fetus
state’s interests in protecti ng life
All of the above.
11. The first trimester of a pregnancy in Roe v. Wade involves _
a state’s right to regulate abortion procedures in ways reasonably related to maternal health
an abortion decision between a woman and her physician
a state’s right to prohibit all abortions
the Supreme Court’s right to decide a woman’s right to abortion on a case by case basis
a state’s right to decide a woman’s right to abortion on a case by case basis
12. The third trimester of a pregnancy involves _
a state’s right to prohibit all abortions except those deemed necessary to protect maternal I ife or health
an abortion decision between a woman and her physician
a state’s right to prohibit all abortions
the Supreme Court’s right to decide a woman’s right to abortion on a case by case basis
a state’s right to decide a woman’s right to abortion on a case by case basis
13. Doe v. Bolton struck down procedural requirements imposed by state statutes involving
residency
performance of abortion in a hospital accredited by Joint Commission
approval by committee of medical staff
consultations
All of the above.
14. AIDS _
is considered deadliest epidemic in human history
first appeared in literature in 1981
has taken the lives of more than 21 million people
is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
All of the above.
The semen from a donor other than the spouse’s seminal fluid into a woman to induce pregnancy is referred to as _
heterologous artificial i nsemi nation
semen donation from the spouse
homologous insemination
steri I ization
None of the above.

16. describes how people are treated when their interests compete.
Justice
Virtue
Morality
All of the above.
None of the above.
17. Organizations conducting clinical trials on human subjects must _
disclose inherent risks, benefits, and treatment alternatives to all immediate relatives
be sure the patient is incompetent to consent
obtain consent from the patient’s best friend
educate staff as to potential side effects, implementation of, and on-going monitoring of protocols
All of the above.
18. Euthanasia is defined broadly as a _
Greek word for “help me”
mercy killing of the hopelessly ill
DNR order
futility of treatment
withdrawal of treatment
19. Voluntary euthanasia occurs when a _
competent adult patient with an incurable condition who has been informed of the possible ramifications and alternatives available gives consent
a person other than the incurable decides to terminate the life of one who is incompetent to make a decision
there is an intentional commission of an act that will result in death
treatment is involuntarily discontinued
a physician assists the patient in suicide
20. According to the, health care organizations have a responsibility to explain to
patients, staff, and families that patients have legal rights to direct their medical and nursing care as it corresponds to existing state law.
Oregon’s Death with Dignity Act
Legislative enactment
Patient Self-Determination Act of 1990
Futility of Treatment Act
DNR Statute

21. A Durable Power of Attorney for health care is _
a legal device that permits one individual known as the “attorney-in-fact” to give to another person called the “principal” the authority to act on his or her behalf to make health care decisions
a legal device that permits one individual known as the “principal” to give to another person called the “attorney-in-fact” the authority to act on his or her behalf in all financial matters
an illegal device that permits one individual known as the “principal” to give to another person called the “attorney-in-fact” the authority to act on his or her behalf
a legal device that permits one individual known as the “principal” to give to another person called the “attorney-in-fact” the authority to act on his or her behalf in making health care decisions
None of the above.
22. was the first state to legalize physician-assisted suicide.
New York
California
Michigan
Oregon
Florida
23. Do not resuscitate orders are given by _
nurses and indicate that, in the event of a cardiac or respiratory arrest, no resuscitative measures should be used to revive the patient
physicians and indicate that, in the event of a cardiac or respiratory arrest, resuscitative measures should be used to revive the patient
physicians and indicate that, in the event of a cardiac or respiratory arrest, no resuscitative measures should be used to revive the patient
cardiac therapists and indicate that, in the event of a cardiac or respiratory arrest, no resuscitative measures should be used to revive the patient
by respiratory therapists and indicate that, in the event of a cardiac or respiratory arrest, no resuscitative measures should be used to revive the patient
24. The goals of the Ethics Committee include which of the following?
Guidance for patients, family, and decisions makers
Make decisions about patients’ treatments
Clarifying situations that are ethical, legal, religious and extend beyond the scope of daily practice
all of the above
a and conly
Every human being of adult years has a right to determine what shall be done with his own body. A surgeon who performs an operation without his patient’s consent commits an assault for which he is liable for damages.
In re Storar
Schloendorff v. Society of New York HospitaJ2
In re Spring
In re Dinnerstein
People v. Eulo

Multiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet)
1. An ethics committee serves as a hospital resource to _
patients
families
caregivers
guardians
All of the above.
2. Ethics committees should be structured to include _
a wide range of community leaders
persons in positions of political stature, respect and diversity
only hospital caregivers
a and b only
All of the above.
3. The goals of the ethics committee are to _
promote the rights of patients
promote shared decision-making between patients and their clinicians
assist the patient and family, as appropriate, in coming to consensus with the options that best meet the patient’s goal for care
promote fair policies and procedures that maximize the likelihood of achieving good, patient centered outcomes
All of the above.
4. The functions of ethics committees are multifaceted and include _
development of policy guidelines to assist in resolving ethical dilemmas
staff and community education
conflict resolution
case reviews, support and consultation
All of the above.
5. Decision-making is not easy when there are _
alternative choices
unlimited resources
a variety of value beliefs from patients, family members and caregivers
a and conly
All of the above.

6. The ethics committee is not a decision-maker but a resource that provides consultation to
contract staff
agency staff
support staff
patients
engi neers
7. Patients and family should be encouraged to _
rely on caregivers to make patient decisions
participate in patient care conflict resolution
rely on paternalism
have the ethics committee resolve all ethical dilemmas
depend on the physician’s beliefs and values
8. Partial reasoning involves _
bias for or against a person based on one’s relationship with that person
reasoning where one has already decided the correctness of something
not knowing the reason for one’s beliefs
believing in situational ethics
None of the above.
9. A general rule of conduct that is enforced by the government is a _
regulation
judicial decision
law
public law
private law
10. When a law is violated, the government imposes a/an _
reward
regu lation
new law
penalty
None of the above.

Laws that deal with the relationships between individuals and the government are referred toas _
criminal laws
public laws
private laws
tort laws
criminal laws
12. Laws dealing with relationships among individuals are referred to as _
private laws
public laws
contract law
statutory law
case law
13. Common law is derived from _
public laws
written laws
constitutional law
statutes
judicial decisions
14. U.S. common law has as its roots _
French common law
Spanish common law
English common law
English statutory law
French and Spanish legal system
15. Statutory law is _
enacted by the judicial branch of government
is derived from judicial decisions
a form of common law
written law
a, band conly
16. Statutory law can be amended, repealed or expanded by _
the judicial system
the legislature
common law
case law
None of the above.
The unintentional commission or omission of an act that a reasonably prudent person would or would not do is a _
contract
tort
negl igent act
crime
duty to care
18. The violation of another person’s physical integrity is known as _
tort
battery
assault
intentional tort
band d only
19. The written word form of defamation is _
slander
defamation
assault
libel
evidence
20. The objectives of criminal law are to _
maintain public order and safety
protect criminals
use punishment as an encouragement to crime
rehabilitate criminals for return to jail
None of the above.
21. Health care involves an unlawful act, generally, deception for personal gain.
contract
tort
crime
tort-feasor
fraud
A written or oral agreement that involves legally binding obligations between two or more parties is a _
tort
bylaws
regulations
contract
evidence
23. Before the trial, facts are investigated in a process called _
discovery
examination before trial
findings
pleadings
hearsay
24. Principles of law that may relieve a defendant from liability include _
assumption of a Risk
borrowed Servant Doctri ne
contributory negligence
good Samaritan laws
All of the above.
25. Conduct expected of an individual in a given situation is called _
negligence
tort
battery
standard of care
All of the above.

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