Every variable should have two important

Every variable should have two important qualities; their attributes should be exhaustive as well as mutually exclusive.

Every variable should have two important qualities; their attributes should be exhaustive as well as mutually exclusive.

Answer

True

False

Question 2

Professor Newvine gives an exam on Monday. On Wednesday, she gives the same class the same exam. What was the purpose of this exercise?

Answer

a. to establish precision
b. to establish reliability
c. to establish a student’s knowlege
d. to establish validity.

Question 3

The NCVS is designed to represent _________ levels of victimization.

Answer

a. local
b. national
c. statewide
d. none of the above

Question 4

UCR crime data is reported broken down into how many parts?

Answer

a. one
b. two
c. three
d. four

Question 5

The most widely known victim survey is the

Answer

a. DAWN.
b. NCVS.
c. NIBRS.
d. UCR.

Question 6

Age of an offender is an example of which level of measurement?

Answer

a. interval.
b. nominal.
c. ordinal.
d. ratio.

Question 7

Ordinal measures are variables whose attributes may be logically rank-ordered.

Answer

True

False

Question 8

When compared with the UCR, which measure has the chance to provide greater detail to a broader range of offenses?

Answer

a. DAWN
b. Monitoring the Future
c. NIBRS
d. NCVS

Question 9

Ranks in the local police department represent what level of measurement?

Answer

a. interval
b. nominal
c. ordinal
d. ratio

Question 10

The primary difference between interval and the ratio level of variables is that

Answer

a. interval is rarely used.
b. with interval there is an absolute meaning of zero.
c. with ratio there is an absolute meaning of zero.
d. none of the above

Question 11

The assignment of grades by a professor to major research papers is an example of

Answer

a. conceptualization.
b. measurement.
c. operationalization.
d. validity.

1 points

Question 12

Crimes must at a minimum have an offender, becasue without an offender there is no crime.

Answer

True

False

Question 13

Concepts are

Answer

a. empirical measurements.
b. hypotheses.
c. mental images.
d. variables.

Question 14

The UCR accounts for all types of crime, even those crimes that are not observed.

Answer

True

False

Question 15

The main difference between the UCR and NIBRS is

Answer

a. reporting each crime incident rather than reporting the total number of certain crimes for each law enforcement agency.
b. the method of gathering data.
c. the name of the crime report.
d. nothing, they are the same report.

Question 16

Researchers must decide on offenses, units and purposes before specifying measures of crimes.

Answer

True

False

Question 17

The types of crime measured almost exclusively by local police are

Answer

a. corporate crime.
b. immigration violations.
c. traffic offenses.
d. none of the above

Question 18

A __________________ asks people whether or not they have been the victim of a crime.

Answer

a. computer-based survey.
b. random survey.
c. self-report survey.
d. victim survey.

Question 19

Sometimes it is necessary to make the same measurement more than once, which is known as:

Answer

a. face validity.
b. inter-rater reliability.
c. split-half method.
d. test-retest method.

Question 20

Measuring religious affiliation by asking respondents to indicate if they are Catholic, Jewish, Protestant, or Muslim would be using the ___________level of measurement.

Answer

a. interval
b. nominal
c. ordinal
d. ratio

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