Answer all of five essay and short-answer questions. Read each question carefully before answering. You should answer all parts of each question. Use examples to clarify your answers, and be sure to properly document your sources.
1). If countries are first ranked by level of real GDP per capita, and then by the value of the Human Development Index, would you expect the ranking of countries to be similar or different? Explain.
2). Explain why purchasing power parity measures of income levels tend to show a smaller difference between poor and rich countries.
3). what are the characteristics of those who migrate to urban areas? What positive and negative effects do their leaving have on those who remain?
4). Describe some of the differences between the population policies of China and India. What factors may have contributed to their success or failure?
5). what are the most important characteristics that have shaped Brazil’s economic and social progress during the last three decades?