41. ____ refers to a value characterized by people’s intolerance for uncertainty and ambiguity and resulting support for beliefs that promise certainty and conformity.

41. ____ refers to a value characterized by people’s intolerance for uncertainty and ambiguity and resulting support for beliefs that promise certainty and conformity.

a. Power distance
b. Uncertainty avoidance
c. Certainty avoidance
d. Conformity seekers
e. None of these

ANS:

42. Which of these reflects a cultural preference for cooperation, group decision making, and quality of life?

a. Individualism
b. Collectivism
c. Masculinity
d. Femininity
e. Power distance

ANS:

43. One of Hofstede’s social values that was developed later is

a. power distance.
b. uncertainty avoidance.
c. masculinity.
d. collectivism.
e. long-term orientation.

ANS:

44. Recent research by the GLOBE project has extended ____ research and offered new insights for managers.

a. Hofstede’s
b. Walton’s
c. Weber’s
d. Fayol’s
e. Gilbreth’s

ANS:

45. All of the following are cultural dimensions as defined by the GLOBE Project, EXCEPT:

a. assertiveness
b. gender differentiation
c. social collectivism
d. humane orientation
e. masculinity

ANS:

:

46. In countries where women are often in positions of high status, the Globe Project would describe that culture as high in ____.

a. assertiveness
b. uncertainty avoidance
c. gender differentiation
d. societal collectivism
e. performance orientation

ANS:

47. A country that places emphasis on fairness and values kindness would be described by the Globe Project as high in ____.

a. assertiveness
b. uncertainty avoidance
c. gender differentiation
d. humane orientation
e. societal collectivism

ANS:

48. According to Spotlight on Skills in Chapter 3, what does the gesture of scratching one’s head usually mean in Russia?

a. “You’re crazy.”
b. “I am listening carefully.”
c. “I want to get to know you better.”
d. “I’m confused or skeptical.”
e. “No.”

ANS:

49. According to Spotlight on Skills in Chapter 3, one of the most universal gestures is:

a. Arm up, shaking back and forth (waving)
b. Scratching your chin (thinking)
c. A smile (happiness or politeness)
d. Closing your eyes (boredom)
e. A pat on the back (congratulations)

ANS:

50. Which of the following is defined as a culture in which communication is used to enhance personal relationships?

a. Interpersonal culture
b. High-context culture
c. Power culture
d. Low-context culture
e. Family-oriented culture

ANS:

51. Which of the following countries possesses a high degree of assertiveness?

a. Spain
b. Sweden
c. Japan
d. Iceland
e. Switzerland

ANS:

52. Which of the following countries possesses a low degree of gender differentiation?

a. China
b. Brazil
c. Italy
d. South Korea
e. Denmark

ANS:

53. Which of the following countries possesses a high performance orientation?

a. Israel
b. Sweden
c. Taiwan
d. Russia
e. Venezuela

ANS:

54. Countries that use several languages

a. are ethnocentric.
b. are geocentric.
c. are likely to have high uncertainty avoidance.
d. have linguistic pluralism.
e. are polycentric.

ANS:

55. In a(n) ____, people use communication primarily to exchange facts and information.

a. power culture
b. informational culture
c. high-context culture
d. mid-context culture
e. low-context culture

ANS:

56. A ____ interaction requires more time because a relationship has to be developed, and trust and friendship must be established.

a. high-context
b. sales
c. business
d. low-context
e. personal

ANS:
7. A cultural attitude marked by the tendency to regard one’s own culture as superior to others is called

a. ethnocentrism.
b. polycentrism.
c. geocentrism.
d. technocentrism.
e. none of these.

ANS:

58. When organization managers have a(n) ____ attitude, they value employees as an end in themselves.

a. ethnocentric
b. humanistic
c. instrumental
d. pluralistic
e. performance

ANS:

59. When organization managers have a(n) ____ attitude, they treat employees as resources to be used.

a. ethnocentric
b. humanistic
c. instrumental
d. pluralistic
e. performance

ANS:

60. How many nations signed on for negotiation when GATT was created in 1947?

a. 15
b. 23
c. 28
d. 40
e. 57

ANS

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