21. A company’s political risk includes riots, revolutions, civil disorders, and frequent changes in government.

21. A company’s political risk includes riots, revolutions, civil disorders, and frequent changes in government.

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22. Unfortunately, many U.S. managers fail to realize that the values and behaviors that typically govern how business is done in the United States do not translate to the rest of the world.

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23. Countries that value high power distances normally have cities that are geographically separated and so have the need to transport electrical energy over large distances.

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24. The social value of uncertainty avoidance is evident in countries like Japan which support beliefs that provide stability and conformity among its citizenry.

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25. In countries with strong masculine social values including Austria and Japan, both men and women subscribe to the dominant masculine value.

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26. Collectivism means a preference for a tightly knit social framework in which individuals look after one another and organizations protect their members’ interests.

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27. The fifth dimension of Hofstede’s social values is preliminary-term orientation and extended-term orientation.

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28. According to the GLOBE Project, a society with a high performance orientation places high emphasis on performance and rewards people for performance improvements and excellence.

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29. According to the GLOBE Project, gender differentiation refers to the extent to which a society maximizes gender role differences.

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30. According to Spotlight on Skills box in Chapter 3, the polite way to give your business card to a Japanese business person is when first meeting, presenting your card with both hands.

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31. According to Spotlight on Skills box in Chapter 3, being on-time for appointments is very important in Brazil.

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32. Social values greatly influence organizational functioning and management styles.

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33. According to the GLOBE Value Dimensions, Japan and Russia both have very high performance orientation.

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34. A low-context culture is a culture in which communication is used to enhance personal relationships.

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35. Linguistic pluralism occurs in countries like India where more than one language exist.

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36. A high-context interaction requires more time because a relationship has to be developed, and trust and friendship must be established.

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37. German, Swiss, and North American cultures are among the high-context cultures.

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38. When an organization has an instrumental attitude toward people it treats employees as a resource to be used.

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39. When an organization has a humanistic attitude, it values employees as an end in themselves.

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40. Ethnocentrism refers to a natural tendency of people to regard their own culture as superior and to downgrade or dismiss other cultural values.

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