1. Which of the following refers to the code of moral principles and values that govern behaviors


1. Which of the following refers to the code of moral principles and values that govern behaviors with respect to what is right and wrong?

a. Social responsibility
b. Free domain
c. Ethics
d. Codified law
e. Discretionary responsibility

2. An organization’s decision to produce a new product is in the

a. domain of codified law.
b. domain of free choice.
c. domain of ethics.
d. domain of compensatory justice.
e. domain of social responsibility.

3. Which of the following is an individual who must make an ethical choice in an organization?

a. The symbolic leader
b. An obstructive manager
c. The defensive individual
d. The moral agent
e. An authoritarian manager

4. Sharon is a manager at Softest Tissue Corporation. She is faced with an interesting problem. One of her employees has been cheating the company out of expense money. Sharon must decide whether or not to fire this employee. In this role, Sharon is acting as

a. a moral agent.
b. an ethical theorist.
c. a symbolic leader.
d. an authoritarian leader.
e. an obstructive manager.

5. The assumption that “If it’s not illegal, it must be ethical,” ignores which of the following?

a. Domain of codified law
b. Domain of ethics
c. Domain of free choice
d. Discretionary responsibility
e. Domain of symbolism

6. A situation that arises when all alternative choices or behaviors have been deemed undesirable because of the potentially negative ethical consequences, making it difficult to distinguish right from wrong, is considered

a. a moral agent.
b. a social responsibility.
c. an ethical dilemma.
d. an ethical standard.
e. discretionary responsibility.

7. A normative approach to ethical decision making

a. reduces ethical dilemmas to easy-to-understand formulas.
b. uses various approaches to describe guiding values for decisions.
c. states that everyone must use their employer’s value system at work.
d. dictates only one way to choose to resolve dilemmas.
e. none of these.

8. Which approach is the ethical concept that moral behaviors produce the greatest good for the greatest number?

a. Defensive
b. Justice
c. Utilitarian
d. Individualism
e. Moral-rights

9. Robbie’s Robots decided to continue operations at one plant while shutting down another. The decision was justified on the basis of what was best for the total corporation. This is an example of the

a. utilitarian approach.
b. individualism approach.
c. moral-justice approach.
d. justice approach.
e. illegal approach.

10. Caleb is a manager at Computer-Care Company. He is expected to consider the effort of each decision alternative on all parties and select the one that optimizes the satisfaction for the greatest number of people. This is an example of the

a. utilitarian approach.
b. individualism approach.
c. moral-justice approach.
d. justice approach.
e. soft-line managerial approach.

11. Which ethical approach are companies citing to justify their policing of employee’s personal habits on and off the job, such as alcohol and tobacco consumption?

a. Justice approach
b. Utilitarian approach
c. Individualism approach
d. Moral-justice approach
e. Discretionary responsibility

12. The ____ ethic was the basis for the state of Oregon’s decision to extend Medicaid to 400,000 previously ineligible recipients by refusing to pay for high-cost, high-risk procedures.

a. justice
b. moral-rights
c. obstructive
d. individualism
e. utilitarian

13. When everyone is pursuing self-direction, the greater good is ultimately served because people learn to accommodate each other in their own long-term interest is an example of ____.

a. utilitarian approach
b. individualism approach
c. moral-justice approach
d. justice approach
e. social responsibility

14. Which of the following is NOT a normative ethics approach?

a. Utilitarian approach
b. Individualism approach
c. Social responsibility approach
d. Moral-rights approach
e. All of these are normative approaches as described in the text.

15. The golden rule “do unto others as they would do unto you” is

a. an example of the utilitarian approach to ethical behavior.
b. representative of the moral-justice approach to moral decision making.
c. an example of the values that guide the individualism approach to ethical behavior.
d. silly and outdated.
e. an example of the justice approach to ethical behavior.

16. Human beings have fundamental rights and liberties that cannot be taken away by another individual’s decision. This ethical decision making approach is known as the

a. utilitarian approach.
b. individualism approach.
c. moral-rights approach.
d. dualism approach.
e. None of these.

17. The ____ refers to the ethical concept that moral decisions are those that best maintain the rights of those people affected by them.

a. individualism approach
b. justice approach
c. utilitarian approach
d. moral-rights approach
e. discretionary responsibility approach

18. Which of the following is NOT one of the moral rights that could be considered during decision-making?

a. The right to free consent
b. The right to invade privacy
c. The right to free speech
d. The right of freedom of conscience
e. The right to life and safety

19. ____ refers to the concept that different treatment of people should not be based on arbitrary characteristics.

a. Procedural justice
b. Compensatory justice
c. Distributive justice
d. Organizational justice
e. Moral-justice

20. ____ to ethical decision-making is consistent with due process, free consent, privacy, freedom of conscience and free speech.

a. Moral-rights approach
b. Individualism approach
c. Utilitarian approach
d. Justice approach
e. Dual-economic approach

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