1. During the early decades of psychology’s existence as a formal discipline, three
schools of psychological thought become popular. The school of _______ soon
faded from psychology.
2. An individual gets sudden, paralyzing attacks of anxiety and also fear going out in
public away from his or her house. Which anxiety disorder does this describe?
a. Generalized anxiety disorder
b. Phobic disorder
c. Obsessive- compulsive disorder
d. Panic disorder and agoraphobia
3. Which of the following is likely to be found in cognitive therapy?
a. Searching for negative illogical thinking
b. Dream interpretation
c. Free association
d. An emphasis on childhood conflicts
4. What is the median of the following data: 1, 3, 4, 5, 5, 6, 8, 9?
5. In carrying out the “fight or flight” response, the role of supervisor is assigned to
a. Adrenal gland
b. Pituitary gland
d. Parasympathetic nervous system Laurier SOS: Students Offering Support
6. A person’s current weight and height could be said to exemplify his or her:
c. Both of the above
d. None of the above
7. An operation definition:
a. Tells what is expected to result from manipulation of a variable
b. Tells how something is to be observed and measured
c. Tells the meaning of a term in lay language
d. Tells the meaning of a term in scientific language
8. A researcher is interested in whether there is a relationship between musical
ability and mathematical ability. The type of design best studied to this task
would be a(n):
a. Correlational study
c. Case study
d. Naturalistic observation
9. The oedipal complex occurs during the”
a. Oral stage
b. Anal stage
c. Phallic stage
d. Genital stage
10. Psychoactive drugs exert their effect on the brain by:
a. Decreasing blood supply to the brain
b. Altering neurotransmitter activity
c. Breaking down essential brain amino acids
d. Penetrating the nucleus of the neurons
11. Which of the following are disorders that occur in all cultures?
a. Generalized anxiety disorder and panic disorder
b. Hypochondriasis, somatization, conversion disorder
c. Schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression
d. Bulimia and anorexia nervosa Laurier SOS: Students Offering Support
12. Which of the following therapies would be most likely to see the symptom as the
b. Client- centred therapy
c. Cognitive therapy
d. Behavior therapy
13. A researcher was interested in whether extraversion is related to drug use. He
administered a measure of extraversion; along with a questionnaire regarding
drug use, to 200 respondents, then looked at the relationship between the scores
on the two measures. This is an example of _______ research.
a. Post hoc
d. None of the above
14. Being careful not to make the conjunction fallacy, indicate which of the following
is most probable:
a. Ralph is an alcoholic; Ralph wins a major world tennis tournament
b. Ralph is an alcoholic; Ralph enters a treatment program; Ralph wins a major
world tennis tournament
c. Ralph is an alcoholic; Ralph enters a treatment program; Ralph has been sober for
year; Ralph wins a major world tennis tournament
d. Ralph is an alcoholic; Ralph enters a treatment program; Ralph has been sober for
year; Ralph practices tennis 50 hours a week; Ralph wins a major world tennis
15. Which one of the following has the strongest correlation?
16. Which school of thought in psychology used the method of introspection?
d. Phrenology Laurier SOS: Students Offering Support
17. The major emphasis in client- centred therapy is to provide the client with
a. Interpretation of unconscious thinking
b. Cognitive restructuring
c. Feedback and clarification
d. Good advice
18. An independent variable is a _______ as a dependent variable is a _______?
a. Outcome; cause
b. Measured variable; manipulated variable
c. Reason; function
d. Manipulated variable; measured variable
19. Which of the following is NOT a biomedical therapy approach?
b. Drug therapy
d. Cognitive- behavioral therapy
20. Which of the following concepts did Carl Jung originate?
c. Inferiority complex
d. Introversion- extraversion
21. A controlled test of a hypothesis, in which the researcher manipulated one
variable in order to discover its effect on another variable, is called:
a. An reliable study
b. A valid study
c. An experiment
d. A case study
22. Which of the following is not one of the pictorial depth cues?
b. Linear perspective
c. Relative height
d. Texture gradients
23. Which of the following statements is correct?
a. Most people do not dream in color
b. Practice will not improve the ability to recall dreams
c. From birth until death, everyone dreams
d. Dreams generally last only 1 or 2 minutes
24. A behaviorist is MOST likely to make which of the following statements:
a. “Your behavior is whatever it is you do”
b. “Your behavior is whatever it is your feel”
c. “Your behavior is whatever it is you think”
d. “Your behavior stems from the will of your mind”
25. Receptors that account for our sense of balance are found in the: